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Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. Other students also liked. Research paper outline A research paper outline makes writing your paper more efficient. It organizes your thoughts and helps understand the flow of information. See the exa…. Topic sentences Topic sentences sum up the central point of each paragraph. Use them to make smooth transitions and build a coherent argument - see examples!
Interactive example of a well-structured essay Build a great essay with an effective introduction, focused paragraphs, clear transitions between ideas, and a strong conclusion. Thanks Jesse! Glad to hear you found it helpful : Reply. Pharaon March 7, at AM Great! Comment or ask a question.
Add comment. The theme is still religion, but the writer is now going to approach a different aspect of it. The third paragraph begins to produce what has been promised: an analysis of the theme of the individual and the community. Note how this is done. There is no need to state mechanically that this is the theme that is now to be discussed. It has already been anticipated and the 'full' nature of the first sentence makes clear what is being discussed.
Again, the reader is being clearly led through the arguments in a well structured and thought out manner. One further point, by way of providing another model. The analysis in the second paragraph could lead in the following direction. Greene's ironic use of the vocabulary of the Bible might be making the point that, for him, the Second World War signalled the end of a particular Christian era.
Now, it is perfectly arguable that the rise of fascism is linked to this, or that it is the cause. The cult of personality and secular leadership has, for Greene, taken over from the key role of the church in Western societies. In this way the two main themes identified above - the tension between individual and community, and religion - are linked. In terms of essay writing this link could well be made after the discussion of the theme of the individual and the community, and its links with the theme of leadership. This might be the general conclusion to the essay.
After thoughtful consideration and interpretation a student may well decide that this is what ' The Destructors ' boils down to: Greene is making a clear link between the rise of fascism and the decline of the Church's influence. Despite the fact that fascism has been recently defeated, Greene sees the lack of any contemporary values which could provide social cohesion as providing the potential for its reappearance. This is the climax to the essay, but the concluding paragraph should generally be a brief paraphrase or synthesis of the essay. This also adheres to the generally held view that the conclusion should not introduce new ideas.
Paragraphs need to be coherent, which will be only achieved through the careful arrangement of the sentences within them.
Writing Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs
Staying with an analysis of Graham Greene's ' The Destructors ', let us see how this can be achieved. This is by no means a terrible paragraph, but there are weaknesses within it, the chief of them being that whilst it demonstrates that the student is going beyond superficial summarising and interpreting the story, the ideas are struggling to make themselves heard. Some of the sentences lack detail or are a little ambiguous, and at times there is a lack of tight connection between several of the sentences. Various ideas are referred to and introduced without ever being fully explained or analysed.
For example there is no explanation for the introduction of the notions of happiness and temptation. To some extent the reader has to guess what the writer is really trying to express. This is a crucial point: you must present your arguments clearly and unambiguously, and grades will we lost if the marker has to try to guess what is being said. First of all, no apple has been mentioned before in the essay and its introduction here is a little confusing.
How to End an Introductory Paragraph
This is because in the story the apple is not compared to a house, but it is the house which is compared to an apple. Furthermore there is no evidence provided for the assertion that the house can be linked to a church. In addition, the 'perhaps' does not inspire confidence that the student is fully on top of the idea.
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Most importantly there is no clear connection with the preceding and succeeding sentence. Also, the 'actually' is too informal and, equally importantly, it suggests that the idea to come has just popped into the student's mind. The first 'it' is ambiguous, and it is not exactly clear what it refers to.
Finally, the overall idea - that weaknesses within the church make it vulnerable to attacks from the outside - is not very clearly expressed. The problem with this paragraph lies in the other sentences. The phrase 'it refers to Adam and the temptation' is a poor one - it should be 'it refers to the tempting of Adam'.
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- The Dreaded Introductory Paragraph.
The main problem with this sentence is that it has become detached from the first sentence of the paragraph, and one of the problems of the paragraph is that the theme of temptation is referred to and hinted at without ever being fully interpreted and analysed. Where in the story could the religious references suggest that this is a significant point?
The writer shifts the emphasis from Adams's temptation - which has not been analysed - to Trevor's temptation, without explanation. There is some dislocation in that whilst there was an earlier suggestion or hint again unclearly expressed that the church was destroying itself, now there is a suggestion that Trevor is solely responsible for the destruction of the church, in the symbolic form of the house.
Furthermore, there is a weakness in the comparison in that Trevor's destruction of the house is in no way punished. The comparison of Old Misery's house to an apple may recall the Garden of Eden and the temptation of Adam, given the many religious images in the text and the fact that T. Perhaps not the house in itself but the prospect of completely destroying its beauty certainly represents a strong temptation for the new leader.
An important difference is obviously the fact that whilst Adam fell from a state of grace following his transgression, T. This suggests that without a coherent and integrated system of values contemporary society has no way of deciding what is right and wrong. Please note that there is a very large sense in which the student example cannot really be redeemed, given its contradictory arguments and lack of clarity. Students should learn how to interpret literary texts and go beyond a mere recounting of the plot or themes, for example, but they should avoid wild extrapolations.
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Further model example:the theme of impersonality in ' The Destructors '. The theme of impersonality is embedded in the story in complex, perhaps ambivalent, ways, reflected by the T. It should be noted that his finding the house beautiful initially causes tension within the gang. While car ownership is increasing in almost all countries of the world, especially in developing countries, the amount of available roadway in cities is not increasing at an equal pace.
This can lead to traffic congestion, in particular during the morning and evening rush hour. In some cities, this congestion can be severe, and delays of several hours can be a common occurrence. Such congestion can also affect those people who travel out of cities at the weekend.racupunarid.tk
How to End an Essay (with Sample Conclusions) - wikiHow
Spending hours sitting in an idle car means that this form of transport can in fact be less convenient than trains or aeroplanes or other forms of public transport. In conclusion, while the car is advantageous for its convenience , it has some important disadvantages, in particular the pollution it causes and the rise of traffic jams.
If countries can invest in the development of technology for green fuels, and if car owners can think of alternatives such as car sharing, then some of these problems can be lessened. Union of Concerned Scientists Car Emissions and Global Warming. Like the website? Try the books.
Below is a checklist for an essay introduction. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you. Find out how to structure the main body of an essay in the next section. Go back to the previous section about essay structure. Scroll to Top. The writing process What is the writing process? Subscribe to the newsletter. AWL Words on this page from the academic word list. Dictionary Look it up. Writing Essays Stucture Introduction How to get started. Podcast is loading. Too slow?
This message will disappear when then podcast has fully loaded. General statements. Thesis statement. Topic sentences.
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