Everything is Possible: Street Carnival in Rio de Janeiro
Those with the resources and time to become beautiful will undoubtedly do so. Members of the upper-middle class use the phrase 'gente bonita' or 'beautiful people' as a euphemism for the people with whom they consider it appropriate to associate oneself with. An up-and-coming locale, for instance, is not valued by its price of admission or its fare, but rather by the amount of 'gente bonita' who frequent it.
The imbrication of race and class in Brazil produces this upper-middle class as normatively white, excluding a majority of the Brazilian population from beauty. Afro-textured hair is portrayed as 'bad hair', and a nose considered wider and non-European is also described as a 'poor person's nose'.
The physical features that are aesthetically undesirable mark certain bodies as inferior in the relatively rigid Brazilian social pyramid, undeserving of social recognition and full citizenship within the nation Since the body is considered to be infinitely malleable, a person who climbs the social ladder is expected to transform their body to conform to upper-middle class standards. The working class is willing to spend on beauty not as a form of conspicuous consumption, but rather because it perceives beauty as an essential requirement for social inclusion.
According to the anthropologist Alvaro Jarrin, "Beauty is constantly lived, breathed and incorporated as a social category in southeastern Brazil. The talk of beauty is pervasive in all kinds of media, from television to song lyrics , and it is a daily concern of people of all incomes and backgrounds. Remarking about a person's appearance is not only socially permissible, it is equivalent to inquiring about that person's health and showing concern for them. If a person does not look his or her best, then many Brazilians assume the person must be sick or going through emotional distress.
Brazil has more plastic surgeons per capita than anywhere else in the world. The pursuit of beauty is so high on the agenda for Brazilian women that new research shows they spend 11 times more of their annual income on beauty products compared to UK and US women. Brazilians are no strangers to cosmetic surgery, undergoing hundreds of thousands of procedures a year, by all socio-economic levels as well.
The general attitude in Brazil toward cosmetic surgery borders on reverence. Expressions such as "the power of the scalpels," "the magic of cosmetic surgeries," and the "march toward scientific progress" are seen and heard everywhere. Whereas cosmetic surgery in the U. To have plastic surgery is to show that you have the money to afford it. In Brazil, modifying one's body through surgery is about more than just becoming more beautiful and desirable.
It is even about more than showing that you care about yourself, which is a phrase in the Brazilian mass media. Surgical transformations are naturalized as necessary enhancements. Instead, modifying your body in Brazil is fundamentally about displaying your wealth. But since much is associated with race, changing one's body is also about approximating whiteness.
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Black and mixed-race Brazilians earn three-fifths as much as white ones. They are twice as likely to be illiterate or in prison, and less than half as likely to go to university. The unthinking prejudice expressed in common phrases such as 'good appearance' meaning pale-skinned and 'good hair' not frizzy means many light-skinned Brazilians have long preferred to think of themselves as 'white', whatever their parentage. There are marking differences between perceptions of beauty among working-class patients in public hospitals, and upper-middle class patients in private clinics.
Plastic surgery is conceptualized by the upper-middle class mainly as an act of consumption that fosters distinction and reinforces the value of whiteness. In contrast, working-class patients describe plastic surgery as a basic necessity that provides the "good appearance" needed in the job market and "repairs" their bodies from the wear of their physical labor as workers and as mothers. Patients from different walks of life desire plastic surgery for different reasons.
Corruption in a starring role at the Rio Carnival
The idea that physical appearance can denote class, with the implication that modifications in one's physical appearance can be seen as markers of social status extends throughout Brazil. Put within a context of explicit social inequality , the link between the production of beauty and social class becomes quite evident. This 'investment' on the body is nearly always equated with health, because a person's well being is assumed to be visible on the surface of their body. One of the most common and harshest expressions about beauty in Brazil is "there are really no ugly people, there are only poor people.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: History of Brazil.
Main article: Brazilian Portuguese. See also: Languages of Brazil. Main article: Religion in Brazil. Main article: Brazilian Carnival. Main articles: Brazilian cuisine and List of Brazilian dishes. Main articles: Brazilian art and Academic art in Brazil. Main articles: Brazilian painting and Brazilian sculpture. Main article: Architecture of Brazil. Main article: Brazilian literature. My land has palm trees, Where the Thrush sings; The birds, that sing here, Do not sing as they do there. Main articles: Cinema of Brazil and Television in Brazil.
Main article: Music of Brazil. Choro "1 x 0" "Um a zero" , recorded by Pixinguinha and Benedito Lacerda. Choro or chorinho is a brazilian genre of instrumental music. Main article: Television in Brazil.
Further information: Public holidays in Brazil. Archived from the original on April 5, Brazilian Government official website. Archived from the original on Retrieved Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 20 September IBGE - Educa. Archived from the original on November 12, Archived from the original on October 29, Brasil Escola.
Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 10 July Visited on November 8, Itatitaia, Rio de Janeiro , Archived from the original on July 6, Revista Cafeicultura. Time Magazine. September The Age. Archived from the original on October 31, Araras Gregas. Volume III, n. Pedro II e o Projeto Imperial. Volume I, n. Volume II, n. Pitoresco Website".
Everything is Possible: Street Carnival in Rio de Janeiro | Sounds and Colours
Archived from the original on April 14, Archived from the original on 28 May The New York Times. This ballroom samba and is derived from the rural "rocking. It offers beautiful crystal clear water, natural beauty and great waves for many surfers and bodyboarding tourist and locals. Transition: Finally we have culture.
Main Point 3 Topic Sentence: The culture of the. Entrudo, a rude festivity considered to be the precursor to Carnival, was also brought by the Portuguese. Less than forty years after the arrival of Cabral, the first African slaves were brought to Brazil. With them came another racial, cultural, and musical infusion.
There were three main ethnic groups that contributed to the boiling Brazilian melting pot: the Sudanese, the Bantu, and the Moslem Guinea-Sudanese. They contributed the circle dance and. The strategies that the Brazilian government has implemented to prevent and combat AIDS via the marketing of condoms have been beyond successful. People from all races, classes, and countries are celebrating together at the culmination of the orgiastic, pre-Lenten, hedonistic festival of Carnival.
Soon, the first marchers proceed down the corridor to the booming cacophony of bass, snare, and friction drums. The rattling of tambourines, bells, and scrapers add flavor and accent. Like a bird set free, the singing cavaquinho ukulele emits. Carnival Brazilian Carnival History is richer, more varied and more interesting than most people think. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You can view samples of our professional work here.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. The event selected in order to complete this piece of work is the Rio Carnival. This is one of the famous festivals and it is held before Lent and it is known as one of the biggest festival where the participant public is more than two million in numbers each day. The festival is one of the oldest one as well. Before going in to further detail of the event and covering the topic as of different required angles the researcher will give a brief account about event management and the advances which has taken place with the passage of time and introduction of latest technologies.
Getz, Life is full events that are not only interesting but full of attractions and adventure for the public. There has been a lot said and discussed and mostly one might find destinations under tremendous pressure as they are not sure how to deal by means of these events and save them as of becoming a touristic product. In the past, major events have been victim of different unwanted actions which has not only spoiled the image of the destination but in addition the fame of the event has been affected to a great extent.
In the present world where technology through media has covered all the entertainment aspects for public and public can enjoy the event as of the confinement of their home just by sitting in front of their television sets, still the real joy is for live entertainment as public want to participate and be part of the colourful environment which cannot be captured or experienced through television no matter how good they are captured. Suitable activities or behaviours can comprise of an action to release an event or to trace an event.
Well-organized service procedures base on the well-timed handling of the several activities essential to avoid confrontations and service outages. Reisinger, As Event Management offers the capability to sense incidents before time, an association can configure technology to sustain an Event Management procedure to activate an event after it has been mechanically noticed and be automatically allocated to the suitable resolver faction for action before any definite service disruption or outage happens.
Inside Event Management there are some altered kinds of events to handle which include:. These kinds of events can comprise an automatic announcement that a planned workload job has ended as usual or a consumer has logged into an appliance that they had the right point of admission to, or an email has attained an anticipated receiver.
Standard process events are significant to observe since they might stand for a breach of policy or non observance to a development.
Richards et al. By officially applying these key activities of an Event Management course, organizations are able to augment effective efficiencies by becoming more practical at managing operations that knowledge faults and service outages.
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Devoid of an accepting of critical business processes, managing events turns out to be an unproductive best guess endeavour. The carnival held once a year in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is the for the most part well-known party in the world, growing year-on-year and attracting hundreds of thousands of foreign as well as national tourists. To Brazilians festival and dancing are as significant as football, which is really saying something!
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